The Ord: A river in transition

The Ord: A river in transition

The Ord River Irrigation Scheme, now in its 38th year of operation, changed the lower Ord from a seasonally dry river that carried huge floods in wet years to one with fairly constant water levels and a continuous flow. While negative impacts have occurred above the...
Swan River – Western Australia

Swan River – Western Australia

Swan-Canning River System he Swan and Canning rivers are the main waterways through Perth, the capital of Western Australia. At Walyunga National Park, 67 kilometres from the river mouth, the Avon River changes its name to the Swan River. Together, the Swan-Avon River...
Australia Women in Colonial Times

Australia Women in Colonial Times

Women in Colonial Times From the first day of the English colony in New South Wales in 1788, European men, women and children were all represented although women and children were in the minority. For many years, male colonists represented three quarters of the...
Early explorers of Australia

Early explorers of Australia

Early explorers of Australia When the first fleet arrived in Australia in 1788, little was known about the land that confronted the first settlers. It must have seemed alien to those early visitors from the northern hemisphere, and unimaginably harsh. And to its...
Hawkesbury River, N.S.W., Australia

Hawkesbury River, N.S.W., Australia

Known as Hawkesbury-Nepean River, the Hawkesbury River is a semimature tide dominated drowned valley estuary, located to the West and North of Sydney, Australia. Hawkesbury River and its associated main tributary, the Nepean River, virtually encircle the metropolitan...
Tamar River Valley and The North Coast, Tasmania

Tamar River Valley and The North Coast, Tasmania

Tamar River Valley and The North Coast, Tasmania The north coast is the mildest part of the Tasmanian Island. Many vegetable crops are grown on the rich soils of the north coast, as well as apples. Sawmilling and pulp and paper mill industries are also located here....
Railways in Australia and great train journeys

Railways in Australia and great train journeys

Early days of Australian rail transport   When Australia’s remote inland was first settled, there were no trains to carry passengers and freight. Overland travel meant a difficult journey by foot, horseback, wagon or camel. The alternative was to travel by ship...
The River Derwent

The River Derwent

Matthew Flinders sailed from Port Jackson in the schooner Francis in February 1798 to salvage the cargo of the Sydney Cove, a vessel that had been run ashore on Preservation Island. On November 3rd 1798. Matthew Flinders and George Bass in the 25 ton...
Aboriginal heritage

Aboriginal heritage

Aboriginal heritage Australian Aboriginal culture is complex and extraordinarily diverse. It is one of the world’s longest surviving cultures, which goes back at least 50,000 years (some think it is closer to 150,000 years). There were over 500 different clan groups...